Studies and Scientific papers
Martinez, A., Motorcycles and the Roadside. A Spanish Update, 2012.
APROSYS project, SP 4.2 Evaluation of Different Roadside Hazards regarding Motorcyclist Safety. Guidelines for allocation of MPD
APROSYS project, Advanced testing procedures for protective measures on rider equipment and road furniture
Bianchi, A., Calamani, S., Barriere di protezione per motociclisti: l’Italia si mette in moto, 2008
Brandimarti et al., “Massive Lesions Owing to Motorcyclist Impact Against Guardrail Posts: Analysis of Two Cases and Safety Considerations” in Journal of Forensic Sciences, March 2011, Vol. 56, No. 2 ! Caution, Very Graphic Pictures!
Daniello, A., The Effect of Barrier Type on Injury Severity in Motorcycle to Barrier Collisions in North Carolina, Texas, and New Jersey, Virginia Tech – Wake Forest University.
European Road Federation (ERF), Road Safety and Road Restraint Systems: a flexible and cost-effective solution
EuroRAP, Barriers to change: designing safe roads for motorcyclists, 2008
Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), Final Report of the Motorcyclists & Crash Barriers Project, 2010
Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), New Standards for Road Restraint Systems for Motorcyclists: Designing Safer Roadsides for Motorcyclists, 2012
Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Association (FEMA), The Road to Success – improving motorcyclists’ safety by improving crash barriers, 2005
Bambach, M., Grzebieta, R., Human body modelling of motorcyclist impacts with guardrail posts, 2013
Bambach, M., Grzebieta, R., Motorcycle Crashes into Roadside Barriers STAGE 4: Protecting motorcyclists in collisions with roadside barriers, 2014
Bloch, J., Page, M., Evaluation Procedures of Motorcyclist Roadside Protection Devices, Lisboa 2010, 16th World Meeting.
Gabler, H., The Risk of Fatality in Motorcycle Crashes with Roadside Barriers, 2008
García et al., Improving Motorcyclists’ Safety in Spain by Enhanced Crash Test Procedures and Implementation Guidelines, Fundación CIDAUT, Junta de Castilla y León and Universidad de Valladolid.
Garcia et al., “Overview on the development of a test standard for the evaluation of motorcyclists’ impacts on infrastructure elements”, in International Journal of Crashworthiness, 10 April 2011
Gibson, T., Benetatos, E., Motorcycles and crash barriers, 2000
Grant et al., OTS Road Collision Research, Roadside objects struck by powered two wheelers, 2011
Grzebieta, R., Bambach, M., and McIntosh, A., Motorcyclist Impacts into Roadside Barriers. Is the European Crash Test Standard Comprehensive Enough?
Grzebieta et al., Overview of Motorcycle Crash Fatalities Involving Road Safety Barriers, 2009
Henn, H., “Crash Tests and the Head Injury Criterion”, in Teaching Mathematics and its Applications, volume 17, No. 4, 1998.
Italy on the road, Cenni riguardo alle barriere di sicurezza stradale o guard rail
Markiewicz, E., Biomécanique du Choc, Critères de Blessure et Tolérance Humaine a l’Impact, Tests et Procédures d’Essais Automobile, Université de Vallenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis.
Motorcyclist Protection in France, Motorcyclist Protection Workshop, Milan 2008.
Pothin, K., Desire, G., Les Glissières métalliques dans l’Accidentologie des Motocyclistes: étude d’enjeu à partir du fichier national des accidents, Service d’Etudes techniques des Routes et Autoroutes (SETRA), 1997
Right To Ride website, Virtual Research Library on Crash Barriers
Rizzi, M., Folksam, Improved design of motorcycles and road barriers can save lives, 2015
Schuller, E., Peldschus, S., Simulation of motorcyclists` impacts on roadside barriers using a numerical human model, 6th International Motorcycle Conference 2006, pp. 73-92
SMART RRS project, 2011:
- Deliverable 1: Characteristics of severe road traffic accidents concerning vulnerable road users such as motorcyclists
- Deliverable 2: Review of Standards – Current Science & Technology
- Deliverable 3: Modelling, analysis and validation of RRS systems
- Deliverable 4: Primary safety system
- Deliverable 5: Tertiary safety system
Sveriges MotorCyklister (SMC), Definition of a safe barrier for a motorcyclist – a literature study, 2015
Spanish Ministerio de Fomento, Orden Circular 18/2004 sobre Criterio de Empleo de Sistemas para Protección de Motociclistas, 2004
The impact of motorcyclists on road restraint systems, 4th International Motorcycle Conference 2002, pp. 445-454.
TRANSIT, New Zealand, Motorcyclists and Wire Rope Barriers, 2006
US Single Motorcycle Crashes: An Investigation of Roadway and Roadside Hazards, 8th International Motorcycle Conference 2010, pp. 102-122
VTI, SMC, Trafikverket, KTH, Svevia, Säkrare sidoområde från ett MC perspektiv: Slutrapport till Länsförsäkringar, 2015. [Study on safety distance to barriers (recovery zone) in Swedish. Executive summary in English]
Williams, G., McKillop, J., Cookson, R., Safety Barriers and Motorcyclists, Transport Research Laboratory for Transport Scotland, 2008
World Highways, “Improving barrier safety for motorcyclists”, World Highways website, 2011
Disclaimer: All information provided is believed to be accurate and reliable. Information provided on products is administered by the respective manufacturer. However, Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations assumes no responsibility for any errors and is not liable for any damages of any kind resulting from the use of, or reliance on, the information contained herein.
The work presented in this document is supported by the European Union’s Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport – Directorate C: Innovative & sustainable mobility (C.4 Road Safety) (Grant agreement MOVE/C4/SUB/2010-125/SI2.603201/RIDERSCAN). The content of this document is the sole responsibility of the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA) and it does not represent the opinion of the European Union and the European Union is not responsible or liable for any use that might be made of information contained herein.