Guardrail Guidelines

Success Stories

Studies and Scientific papers

Martinez, A., Motorcycles and the Roadside. A Spanish Update, 2012.

APROSYS project, SP 4.2 Evaluation of Different Roadside Hazards regarding Motorcyclist Safety. Guidelines for allocation of MPD

APROSYS project, Advanced testing procedures for protective measures on rider equipment and road furniture

Bast, Einsatzkriterien fuer Schutzeinrichtungen mit geringerem Verletzungsrisiko fuer Motorradfahrer, 2004

Berg et al., Motorcycle Impacts into Roadside Barriers – Real-World Accident Studies, Crash Test and Simulations carried out In Germany and Australia, 2005

Bianchi, A., Calamani, S., Barriere di protezione per motociclisti: l’Italia si mette in moto, 2008

Brandimarti et al., “Massive Lesions Owing to Motorcyclist Impact Against Guardrail Posts: Analysis of Two Cases and Safety Considerations” in Journal of Forensic Sciences, March 2011, Vol. 56, No. 2 ! Caution, Very Graphic Pictures!

Daniello, A., The Effect of Barrier Type on Injury Severity in Motorcycle to Barrier Collisions in North Carolina, Texas, and New Jersey, Virginia Tech – Wake Forest University.

European Road Federation (ERF), Road Safety and Road Restraint Systems: a flexible and cost-effective solution

EuroRAP, Barriers to change: designing safe roads for motorcyclists, 2008

Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), Final Report of the Motorcyclists & Crash Barriers Project, 2010

Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA), New Standards for Road Restraint Systems for Motorcyclists: Designing Safer Roadsides for Motorcyclists, 2012

Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Association (FEMA), The Road to Success – improving motorcyclists’ safety by improving crash barriers, 2005

Bambach, M., Grzebieta, R., Human body modelling of motorcyclist impacts with guardrail posts, 2013

Bambach, M., Grzebieta, R., Motorcycle Crashes into Roadside Barriers STAGE 4: Protecting motorcyclists in collisions with roadside barriers, 2014

Bloch, J., Page, M., Evaluation Procedures of Motorcyclist Roadside Protection Devices, Lisboa 2010, 16th World Meeting.

Gabler, H., The Risk of Fatality in Motorcycle Crashes with Roadside Barriers, 2008

García et al., Improving Motorcyclists’ Safety in Spain by Enhanced Crash Test Procedures and Implementation Guidelines, Fundación CIDAUT, Junta de Castilla y León and Universidad de Valladolid.

Garcia et al., “Overview on the development of a test standard for the evaluation of motorcyclists’ impacts on infrastructure elements”, in International Journal of Crashworthiness, 10 April 2011

Gibson, T., Benetatos, E., Motorcycles and crash barriers, 2000

Grant et al., OTS Road Collision Research, Roadside objects struck by powered two wheelers, 2011

Grzebieta, R., Bambach, M., and McIntosh, A., Motorcyclist Impacts into Roadside Barriers. Is the European Crash Test Standard Comprehensive Enough?

Grzebieta et al., Overview of Motorcycle Crash Fatalities Involving Road Safety Barriers, 2009

Hawzheen, K., Improved Road Design for Future Maintenance – Analysis of Road Barrier Repair Costs, 2008

Henn, H., “Crash Tests and the Head Injury Criterion”, in Teaching Mathematics and its Applications, volume 17, No. 4, 1998.

Italy on the road, Cenni riguardo alle barriere di sicurezza stradale o guard rail

Markiewicz, E., Biomécanique du Choc, Critères de Blessure et Tolérance Humaine a l’Impact, Tests et Procédures d’Essais Automobile, Université de Vallenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis.

Motorcyclist Protection in France, Motorcyclist Protection Workshop, Milan 2008.

Peldschus et al., Technical Bases for the Development of a Test Standard for Impacts of Powered Two-Wheelers on Roadside Barriers

Pothin, K., Desire, G., Les Glissières métalliques dans l’Accidentologie des Motocyclistes: étude d’enjeu à partir du fichier national des accidents, Service d’Etudes techniques des Routes et Autoroutes (SETRA), 1997

Right To Ride website, Virtual Research Library on Crash Barriers

Rizzi, M., Folksam, Improved design of motorcycles and road barriers can save lives, 2015

Schuller, E., Peldschus, S., Simulation of motorcyclists` impacts on roadside barriers using a numerical human model, 6th International Motorcycle Conference 2006, pp. 73-92

SMART RRS project, 2011:

Sveriges MotorCyklister (SMC), Definition of a safe barrier for a motorcyclist – a literature study, 2015

Spanish Ministerio de Fomento, Orden Circular 18/2004 sobre Criterio de Empleo de Sistemas para Protección de Motociclistas, 2004

The impact of motorcyclists on road restraint systems, 4th International Motorcycle Conference 2002, pp. 445-454.

TRANSIT, New Zealand, Motorcyclists and Wire Rope Barriers, 2006

US Single Motorcycle Crashes: An Investigation of Roadway and Roadside Hazards, 8th International Motorcycle Conference 2010, pp. 102-122

VTI, SMC, Trafikverket, KTH, Svevia, Säkrare sidoområde från ett MC perspektiv: Slutrapport till Länsförsäkringar, 2015. [Study on safety distance to barriers (recovery zone) in Swedish. Executive summary in English]

Williams, G., McKillop, J., Cookson, R., Safety Barriers and Motorcyclists, Transport Research Laboratory for Transport Scotland, 2008

World Highways, “Improving barrier safety for motorcyclists”, World Highways website, 2011



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The work presented in this document is supported by the European Union’s Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport – Directorate C: Innovative & sustainable mobility (C.4 Road Safety) (Grant agreement MOVE/C4/SUB/2010-125/SI2.603201/RIDERSCAN). The content of this document is the sole responsibility of the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations (FEMA) and it does not represent the opinion of the European Union and the European Union is not responsible or liable for any use that might be made of information contained herein.